March 19, 2017 Lessons 0


Present Continuous
The present continuous is used when talking about things that are happening at the moment of speaking.
To be + verb (ing)
Affirmative                                   Negative                                               Interrogative
I am studying (I’m)                      I am not studying (I’m not)                 Am I studying?  
You are studying (You’re)          You are not studying (you aren’t)     Are you studying?
He is studying (he’s)                   He is not studying (he isn’t)                Is he studying?  
She is studying (She’s)               She is not studying (she isn’t)             Is she studying?
It is studying (It’s)                       It is not studying (it isn’t)                    Is it studying?
We are studying (We’re)          We are not studying (we aren’t)         Are we studying?
You are studying (You’re)        You are not studying  (you aren’t)      Are you studying?
They are studying (they’re)      They are not studying (they aren’t)  Are they studying?
They are working now.
They aren’t studying now.
Are they playing volleyball now?
Exercises:
1)He is traveling at this moment.
  Neg:
  Int:
2) She isn’t sleeping.
   Aff:
  Int:
3) Are they cooking?
    Aff:
   Neg:
Answer:
a)What is your brother/sister doing now?
b) Are you reading any book at this moment? If so, which?
Past Continuous:
It’s used to express an action in the past, but there is an idea of movement
TO BE in the past (was, were) + verb (ing)
WAS – I,HE, SHE AND IT
WERE – YOU, WE, THEY
She was working last weekend
She wasn’t studying last weekend
Was she traveling last weekend?
They were playing soccer last Saturday
They weren’t playing volleyball last Saturday
Were they working last Saturday?
Exercises:
1)She was studying last Saturday
  Neg:
  Int:
2)They weren’t working last Sunday
Aff:
Int:
3) Was she playing basketball last Friday?
Aff:
Neg:
Answer:
a)What were you doing last Saturday night?
b) What was your brother/sister doing yesterday morning?
 Simple Present
The Simple Present is used to talk about routines or habits.
Aux: Do and does
Do – I, you, we and they
Does – he, she and it
Do you speak Spanish?
Yes, I do
No, I don’t
Yes, I speak Spanish
No, I don’t speak Spanish
Does she like sandwich?
Yes, she does
No, she doesn’t
Yes, she likes sandwich
No, she doesn’t like sandwich
I like – you like – he likes – she likes  – it likes – we like – you like – they like
Exercises:
1)Do you play the violin?
   Aff:
   Neg:
2) They don’t study German
   Aff:
   Int:
3) Do they like European films?
   Aff:
   Neg:
4) She speaks German.
    Neg:
   Int:
5) He doesn’t play soccer.
    Aff:
   Int:
6) Does she travel to Europe every year?
    Aff:
   Neg:
Answer:
a)Do you prefer American or Brazilian food?
b) Does your sister/brother speak English?
c) Do you like sports?
Simple Past
It’s used to express an action that happened at a specific time in the past and has been completed.
Aux: Did – interrogative and negative sentences
Did you travel to Europe last month?
Yes, I did
No, I didn’t
Yes, I traveled to Europe last month
No, I didn’t travel to Europe last month
Did you understand that exercise?
Yes, I did
No, I didn’t
Yes, I understood that exercise
No, I didn’t understand that exercise.
Exercises:
1)Did you go to London last year?
Aff:
Neg:
2) Did she play volleyball in the morning?
Aff:
Neg:
3) She studied English last Saturday.
Neg:
Int:
4) He didn’t write a book last year.
Aff:
Int:
Answer:
a)Where did you go in your last vacation?
b) Did you visit your family last Christmas?
Present Perfect
The Present Perfect is used in four different cases:
 Auxiliaries – HAVE AND HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE
Have – I, you, we and they
Has – he, she and it
Neg: hasn’t and haven’t
Int: have you ? Has he?
First: An action that starts in the past and continues up to the present
She has lived in New York since 2011.
They have worked in Canada for two years.
Second: An action that describes an indefinite time in the past
She has played basketball.
They have visited Portugal.
Third: An action that describes a repeated action in the past
She has played basketball once.
They have visited Portugal three times
Fourth: An action that finished a few moments ago
She has just arrived
They have just called you.
Exercises:
1)She has written an email
Neg:
Int:
2) They haven’t visited London
Aff:
Int:
3) Have you played the violin?
Aff:
Neg:
4) Has she gone to Italy?
Aff:
Neg:
5) She hasn’t worked in Canada
Aff:
Int:
Answer:
a)How long have you lived in your house?
b) Has your sister/brother played any musical instrument?
c) How many states have you visited in Brazil?
d) Has your sister/brother traveled to Europe?
Simple Future and Near Future
Simple Future – auxiliary WILL + Verb Infinitive
Simple Future is used to express an action that is an uncertain situation, only a plan.
She will buy a new house.
They will travel to Canada.
Neg: won’t
He won’t travel to Portugal next year
They won’t study Italian next semester
Int:
Will you go to the party next weekend?
Will she go to London next year?
Near Future – auxiliary to be + going to + verb infinitive
It’s used to express a certain action in the future
They are going to buy a new house. They have US$ 500.000,00
She is going to take an umbrella because it’s raining.
Neg: They aren’t going to travel to Europe.
         She isn’t going to play volleyball tonight.
Int: Is Brazil going to win the next World Cup?
       Are they going to study English tonight?
Exercises:
1)She will visit a museum in Europe
  Neg:
  Int:
2) They won’t work next Saturday.
   Aff:
   Int:
3) He is going to buy a new house
   Neg:
   Int:
4) They aren’t going to visit Italy
   Aff:
   Int:
Answer:
a)What will you do next Christmas?
b) What are you going to do next weekend?
c) Are you going to study English on Monday?
d) Is your brother/sister going to travel next Friday?
Conditional
It’s used to express a possibility
Auxiliary WOULD + VERB INFINITIVE FORM
Would you like a glass of water?
Yes, I’d like
Would you go to a war?
No, I wouldn’t go.
What would you do if you had US$ 1 million?
I’d buy houses and cars
I wouldn’t buy a Ferrari
Exercises:
1)She would go to London
Neg:
Int:
2) They wouldn’t travel to the USA.
Aff:
Int:
Answer:
a)What would you like to do next weekend?
b) Would you like to live abroad?