May 17, 2017 Lessons 0


Grammar review

Grammar review

Let’s review some grammar topics

In this article let’s have a grammar review so pay attention to all details explained below. Let’s see the main verb tenses in English and their auxiliary verbs. They are very easy to be understood, so it is a question of practice.

Simple Present

It is used to express routines or habits. Do and does are considered auxiliary verbs and both of them are used in negative and interrogative sentences. Look at the examples below:
Do you speak English?                            Does your brother speak English?
     Yes, I do                                              Yes, he does          
No, I don’t                                           No, he doesn’t
Yes, I speak English                            Yes, he speaks English.  
No, I don’t speak English.                   No, he doesn’t speak English.
Do is used: I, you, we and they            Does is used: he, she and it

Simple Past

It is used to express a completed action in the past. Did is considered the auxiliary verb. There are two kind of verbs in the past (Regular and irregular) = Regular ones finished by ED = arrive, arrived and irregular ones have a difference form – buy, bought.
Did you visit Europe last year?                   Did you buy a new car last week?
Yes, I did                                                     Yes, I did
No, I didn’t                                                  No, I didn’t
Yes, I visited Europe last year                     No, I didn’t buy a car last week.
Did is used for all personal pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they

Simple Future

It is used to express an uncertain action in the future. The auxiliary is will + verb in the infinitive form.
Will you travel to the USA in your next vacation?
Yes, I will
No, I won’t
Yes, I will travel in my next vacation.
No, I won’t travel in my next vacation.

Near Future

It is used to express a certain action in the future. The auxiliary verb is + TO BE + GOING TO + VERB (INFINITIVE FORM).
Are you going to play soccer next week?                Is she going to work on Sunday?
Yes, I am                                                                  Yes, she is
No, I am not                                                             No, she is not
Yes, I am going to play soccer next week.              Yes, she is going to work on Sunday.
No, I am not going to play soccer next week.         No, she is not going to work on Sunday.